Nothing more important than knowing how to keep food at home at any time of the year. That is why we are here to give you several tips on home food preservation, and you can store them for longer without losing their properties or being damaged.
Nowadays, thanks to technology, it is possible to preserve food for more extended periods than is usually thought, as long as proper treatment and storage of these products are met; otherwise, they can be damaged early.
How To Preserve Food: Preservation Methods
Among the methods of home food preservation, we can mention a different amount of procedures. That is why we have decided to separate them into two broad categories: Chemical processes and Physical processes.
Below, we show you in detail how to apply these preservation methods:
Chemical Processes: Home Food Preservation
Among the chemical processes of home food preservation, we will mention a few that are the most relevant for preserving essential foods such as meats, fruits, or vegetables. Those methods are:
Sprinkle Chopped Nuts With Lemon Juice
Lemon juice is an ideal chemical process to preserve food. If the fruit cut in half and it is decided to keep it chopped for later consumption, the pulp may become dark or even black. Just by sprinkling a little lemon juice on the cut pulp that is not going to consume, you can prevent the freshly cut fruit from taking this color, even for hours.
Cover With Wet Clothes Such As Fish
The best way to preserve the flavor and appearance of meats such as fish is to cover them with wet cloths; in this way, the water will react with the fish meat, keeping its moisture and consequently, its properties for longer. When doing this, it is ideal for storing the different fish separately, so that cross-contamination does not occur.
Keep Food In Brine
Brine is one of the oldest and most used methods to preserve food. This method of food preservation is beneficial because it prevents the growth of most bacteria and microorganisms that contribute to the breakdown of food. It consists of adding salt to the diet, dried or in water with added salt. Moreover, this method is mainly used to preserve vegetables,
Physical Processes: Home Food Preservation
One of the best ways to keep food is through physical preservation processes. Among these we will highlight the following:
Refrigeration is the most convenient method of food preservation, nowadays. The simplest and most common method of preservation is refrigerating food. It is one of the best ways to prevent many types of food from being damaged, as the cold helps reduce the rate at which bacteria and other elements that degrade food act.
Preserve Food By Freezing
The refrigerator is one of the best places to preserve food for a long time. Thanks to the “magic” of freezing, it is possible to maintain conditions of edible products for up to a whole year, without this implying loss of flavor or quality of them. As with refrigeration, freezing helps reduce the speed of action of bacteria that break down food. Only in the case of frost, the rate of activity of these elements is decreased drastically and almost inactivity.
These cooling and freezing processes are ideal for meats and some packaged vegetables. And they must be respected even after the product is purchased and during transport, to preserve what is called the cold food chain, and not break it so that these bacteria do not proliferate.
An old but still active process is to dehydrate food. The preservation of food through dehydration is to dry the food as . much as possible, and unlike the processes that use water to conserve food. It is used to prevent moisture from creating life conditions for the bacteria that mainly decompose meats or fish, leaving them in the sun.
Some fruits and vegetables can also be dried or dehydrated with individual products created to promote these dehydration processes.
Store Food With Care And Order
When the food is stored, in the refrigerator, the fridge or wherever it is essential to pack it and store it with great care and law. The portable refrigerator is very common for food preservation; however, you should store food carefully. In this way, it will be possible to avoid the dangers of cross-contamination.
Cross-contamination refers to the dangers of contamination that different types of food can suffer if they are stored together or at risk of coming into contact with fluids from other products that can modify them in terms of taste or aroma, and even that can damage them. Therefore, it is necessary to pack and store them properly. Also, you should store them in separate containers or hermetic products such as fish, which will give off strong odors that can impregnate in other foods.